FREE Jewish Annotated New Testament (PDF)

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Henry Volk |


I’m excited about this one!
The Jewish Annotated New Testament

Although major New Testament figures–Jesus and Paul, Peter and James, Jesus’ mother Mary and Mary Magdalene–were Jews, living in a culture steeped in Jewish history, beliefs, and practices, there has never been an edition of the New Testament that addresses its Jewish background and the culture…

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  • Reply November 10, 2016

    Varnel Watson

    Not much but enjoy the free version while at it

    Here’s note on Rev 4: 1 4.1–11: Vision of heavenly throne. 1–2: John is again in or still assumed into an ecstatic state (in the spirit). His ascent to the heavenly throne room is immediate and unmediated, unlike other apocalyptic ascent narratives such as Daniel, 1 Enoch, and the Testament of Levi. 3: The vague one seated there and the mineralogical similes recall Ezek 1.16,26–27; Dan 10.6. 4: Elders are John’s obscure innovation, unparalleled in any other apocalyptic vision. It is unclear whether they represent a rank of angel, ascended patriarchs, members of the Jewish Jesus Movement, or some synthesis of any of these alternatives, but they subsequently serve as guides to and commenters on what is happening (11.16; 19.4). White robes . . . crowns, 1.14n.; 2.10n. 5: Storm imagery recalls Ezek 1.4–14 and characterized visions of God in Jewish apocalyptic literature (4 Ezra 13.1–11; Apoc. Abr. 17–18; 1 En. 14); it draws on ancient Canaanite and Israelite traditions of storm theophanies (Ex 19; Isa 6.1–4; Ps 29; Dan 7.9). Seven spirits, 1.4n. 6: Sea of glass, the heavenly sea became a standard motif in Jewish ascent narratives (1 En. 14.10), and may be related to the dome or “raqia“ in Ezek 1.22 (cf. Gen 1.6). Living creatures (Heb “chai’im”; Gk “zōa”) replicate those of Ezek 1.5–11. 8: By imagining the creatures with six wings, singing a version of the “Kedushah”(Isa 6.1–3), John incorporates Isaiah’s vision; multiple eyes evoke the wheels on the “merkavah” (heavenly chariot-throne) of Ezek 1.18. 9–11: Heavenly glory and perfection are revealed in liturgical drama and responsive praise-songs, reminiscent of the “Sabbath Songs” of Qumran (4QShirShabba). See Dan 7.9–10.

  • Reply November 10, 2016

    Robert Borders

    I got this a couple of years ago. Good stuff.

  • Reply November 11, 2016

    Varnel Watson

    Not by this note on Rev 4:1 I cant make up what they mean 🙂

  • Reply May 5, 2020

    Joseph Maposa

    I am quite interested in the books and handouts from this Jewish Annotated New Testament. Hope its going to improve my understanding of the New Testament.

  • Reply May 6, 2020

    Varnel Watson

    now you get it – now you dont Tom Steele

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