Dual-covenant or two-covenant theology in ROMANS 9-11

Dual-covenant or two-covenant theology in ROMANS 9-11
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4 Comments

  • Reply July 1, 2019

    RichardAnna Boyce

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    In chaps. 9-11 Paul deals with a question that may have arisen in the minds of his Christian Jewish and Gentile readers after reading 8:31-39. If God loves the elect (i.e., His chosen people, Israel) and His promises cannot be thwarted, how can He forget His chosen people and promises made to them in the OT?
    Thus, Paul’s purpose of writing chaps. 9-11 is twofold. He seeks to vindicate God for temporarily excluding national Israel from His present plan in with the church, and to curb Gentile arrogance since Israel will be regrafted into God’s plan in the future. Paul’s answer covers God’s dealing with Israel’s past (chap 9:1-29), present (chap 9:30-10:21), and future (chap 11).
    One should not understand the central issue in these chapters to be predestination, or even Israel’s justification-salvation (though he covers this as well). This section of Romans is about explaining how the promises of God in the Word have not failed (9:6 a). Although many Jews became believers, the majority did not (vv 1-5). And though God has temporarily set Israel aside, He has not nullified His promises to the nation (v 6 a). In light of the overall theme of Romans, this section explains why Israel is experiencing the wrath of God and what they can do to escape it.

  • Reply July 1, 2019

    RichardAnna Boyce

    In 9:30-10:21, Paul switches from vindicating God’s sovereign use of Israel in the past for His purposes to His present setting aside of Israel due to her rejection of His righteousness. The term righteousness occurs eleven times in this section (9:30 [3 x], 31; 10:3 [3 x], 4-6,10). Accepting this righteousness resulting in justification would only be the beginning, not the end, for Israel to be delivered from God’s wrath. Full deliverance from temporal wrath comes only through obedience (10:9-21).

  • Reply July 1, 2019

    RichardAnna Boyce

    Chapter 11 shows that even if Gentiles experience God’s mercy in the present, this is not to the exclusion of Israel’s permanent future deliverance. Thus, God’s wisdom, by extending mercy to all, vindicates Him because His original promises of the gospel to Israel (1:2; 10:15-16; 11:28) will be fulfilled literally in the future.

  • Reply July 1, 2019

    Varnel Watson

    coming to a city near you Philip Williams

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