books July 1, 2019 Dual-covenant or two-covenant theology in ROMANS 9-11 Click to join the conversation with over 500,000 Pentecostal believers and scholars Click to get our FREE MOBILE APP and stay connected | PentecostalTheology.com SIGN UP to RECEIVE our weekly NEWSLETTERS on PENTECOST PentecostalTheology .com Previous articleWhy is there no Great Tribulation in the NRSV? Next articleWhy Isn’t the Church Growing: A Discipleship Dilemma in URBAN CHURCH PLANTING 4 Comments Reply July 1, 2019 RichardAnna Boyce ; In chaps. 9-11 Paul deals with a question that may have arisen in the minds of his Christian Jewish and Gentile readers after reading 8:31-39. If God loves the elect (i.e., His chosen people, Israel) and His promises cannot be thwarted, how can He forget His chosen people and promises made to them in the OT? Thus, Paul’s purpose of writing chaps. 9-11 is twofold. He seeks to vindicate God for temporarily excluding national Israel from His present plan in with the church, and to curb Gentile arrogance since Israel will be regrafted into God’s plan in the future. Paul’s answer covers God’s dealing with Israel’s past (chap 9:1-29), present (chap 9:30-10:21), and future (chap 11). One should not understand the central issue in these chapters to be predestination, or even Israel’s justification-salvation (though he covers this as well). This section of Romans is about explaining how the promises of God in the Word have not failed (9:6 a). Although many Jews became believers, the majority did not (vv 1-5). And though God has temporarily set Israel aside, He has not nullified His promises to the nation (v 6 a). In light of the overall theme of Romans, this section explains why Israel is experiencing the wrath of God and what they can do to escape it. Reply July 1, 2019 RichardAnna Boyce In 9:30-10:21, Paul switches from vindicating God’s sovereign use of Israel in the past for His purposes to His present setting aside of Israel due to her rejection of His righteousness. The term righteousness occurs eleven times in this section (9:30 [3 x], 31; 10:3 [3 x], 4-6,10). Accepting this righteousness resulting in justification would only be the beginning, not the end, for Israel to be delivered from God’s wrath. Full deliverance from temporal wrath comes only through obedience (10:9-21). Reply July 1, 2019 RichardAnna Boyce Chapter 11 shows that even if Gentiles experience God’s mercy in the present, this is not to the exclusion of Israel’s permanent future deliverance. Thus, God’s wisdom, by extending mercy to all, vindicates Him because His original promises of the gospel to Israel (1:2; 10:15-16; 11:28) will be fulfilled literally in the future. Reply July 1, 2019 Varnel Watson coming to a city near you Philip Williams Leave a Reply Click here to cancel reply. Cancel replyComment * Name Email Website Δ This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.