I. The Kinds of Resurrection
There are two main kinds of resurrection: spiritual and material. Spiritual resurrection is that of the spirit being quickened from death in trespasses and sins. Such a resurrection causes one to be renewed in the image and likeness of God (1 Cor. 11:7; Eph. 4:21-24; Col. 3:10; James 3:9). It is taught in Eph. 2:1-6; 5:14; Rom.6:11 and takes place only in this life. When physical death comes all possibility of such spiritual resurrection has passed (Eccl. 11:1; Heb. 9:27; Rev. 22:11). Material resurrection is that of the body to which we shall confine the rest of our study.
II. The Kinds of Materiel Resurrection
There are two kinds of material or physical resurrection: one resurrection is of the righteous to life before the Millennium, and one is of the wicked to damnation after the Millennium (Dan. 12:3; John 5:28-29; Rev. 20:4-6, 11-15). There will be 1,000 years between the two resurrections (Rev. 20:4-6).
1. THE FACT OF A RESURRECTION. The following Bible characters taught it: Job (Job 19:25-27), Isaiah (Isaiah 26:14-19), Daniel (12:3), David (Ps. 16:17:15; Acts 2:31), Old Testament Saints (Heb. 11:35), New Testament Saints (Matt. 28; Mark 16; Luke 24; John 20-21; Acts 2; 4; etc.), Jesus (Matt. 16:21; 22:23-31; Luke 14:14; 20:27-36; 24:13-35), Matthew (Matthew 28:1-20), Mark (16:1-18), Luke (24:1-49) John (19-21; Rev. 20:4-6), Mary (John 11:24), Herod (Matt. 14:2), Peter (1 Pet. 1:3; 3:21), Paul (Acts 17:18,32; 23:6; 24:15,21; Rom.1:4; 6:5; 8:34; 1 Cor.__1 Corinthians__15; Phil. 3:10-11; Heb. 6:2; 11:35).
2. THE RESURRECTIONS FORETOLD (Isa.26:14-19; Dan. 12:3; Psalms 16:10; Matt. 12:41-42; 20:19; 27:63; 1 Thess. 4:14-17; 1 Cor.__1 Corinthians__15; Rev. 20:4-6; John 5:28-29).
3. EXAMPLES OF RESURRECTION-TEMPORARY AND PERMANENT:
(1) Temporary-raised to mortality to die again: a widow’s son (I Kings 17: 17-24), the Shunammite’s son (2 Kings 4:18-37), a Moabite invader (2 Kings 13: 20-21), Jonah (2:1-10; Matt. 12:40), Jairus’ daughter (Matt. 9:18-26), a widow’s son of Nain (Luke 7:11-18), Lazarus (John 11), Tabitha (Acts 9:36-43), Eutychus (Acts 20:6-12).
(2) Permanent-raised to immortality to live forever in their bodies. Christ “the firstfruits” was the first of all permanent resurrections (1 Cor. 15:1-23), then there were many old Testament Saints (Matt. 27:53).
4. THE ORDER OF THE RESURRECTION (1 Cor. 15:20-34). Christ “the firstfruits” was the guarantee of the resurrection of all men (1 Cor. 15:20-23). The “many” Old Testament Saints arose immediately after Christ did (Matt. 27:53). The next in order will be those who are “in Christ” and “are Christ’s” at the rapture (1 Cor. 15:23, 51-58; 1 Thess. 4:14-17). Next will be the 144,000 Jews as the manchild of Rev. 12:5. Then next will be the “great multitude” of tribulation saints and the two witnesses at the end of the tribulation who will be in time to be at the marriage supper and come back with Christ to establish His kingdom (Rev. 6:9-11; 7:9-17; 11:2-13; 15:2-4; 20:4-6). All these companies because they are “holy,” “blessed,” and “just” will be in the first resurrection and will help complete it (Rev. 20:4-6). The wicked dead will not be raised until 1,000 years later (Rev. 20:4-15).
5. THE METHOD OF THE RESURRECTION (1 Cor. 15:35-50). Paul illustrates the method of the resurrection by the death and resurrection of a grain of wheat or some other grain. The process that grain goes through is. clear to all, so if this process is applied to the method of resurrection it will likewise be clear to all. Tile main points are:
(1) The fact that there is death and resurrection (1 Cor. 15:1-21, 36).
(2) Death must come before resurrection (John 12:24; 1 Cor. 15:36).
(3) That which is sown is not the body that shall be reproduced (1 Cor. 15:37).
(4) In the resurrection a body is produced just like the one sown in the ground, so if the original body (if perfect) and the reproduced body were side by side, not one particle of difference could be detected between them (1 Cor. 13:12; 15:38; Luke 24:39; Acts 1:11).
(5) A grain of corn will not reproduce a grain of wheat. All flesh is not the same flesh, so in the resurrection man will be raised with his own flesh and not with that of fish, fowls, etc. (1 Cor. 15:38-39). He will be resurrected with his own size, shape, bodily appearance, and features and he will not look unlike he did while in the natural body (1 Cor. 13:12).
(6) Men will be raised to share more or less glory, or more or less damnation, according to what they have done in life, just as some grains that are poisonous and useless are reproduced to be destroyed, whereas good grains are reproduced for good purposes (1 Cor. 15:40-50).
(7) A grain of wheat may be marred, shriveled, and parts of its body scattered here and there, yet in the reproduction, it will be reproduced a perfect grain (under normal conditions) regardless of where the particles of its body were or what shape it was in at the time of germination. The only thing necessary is that the life germ be in the grain. So in the resurrection each body will be reproduced a perfect body (__1 Corinthians__1 Cor. 15:35-59).
(😎 The only difference between grain and the resurrected bodies of men will be in the nature of existence. Men will be raised to immortality – some to everlasting life and some to everlasting shame and contempt (Dan. 12:3; John 5:28-29; Matt. 10:28). Both the righteous and the wicked will live again in their resurrected bodies, but only the righteous will enter into various glories and have different rewards and responsibilities of rulership in God’s eternal affairs (1 Cor. 3:11-15; 15:21-23,39-50; Rom.14; 2 Cor. 5:10; Rev. 20:4-6). See Lesson Thirty-seven for a study of immortality of the sold and body.
The First Resurrection (Rev. 20:4-6; Dan. 12:3; John 5:28-29)
This is the resurrection of all the just, the blessed, and holy from Adam to the Millennium. It covers the period of time from Christ’s resurrection to the resurrection of the tribulation saints and the two witnesses and includes the various companies, as under Point 4 above. Several raptures are then included in the first resurrection. All who have part in this resurrection will have some part in ruling with Christ, who will not have just a select few, as taught by many (Rev. 20:4-6). This resurrection may be called the “out resurrection”; that is, a resurrection out of, or from among the dead (Phil. 3:11-14; 1 Thess. 4:14-17; 1 Cor. 15:51-58; Luke 14:14; 20:35-36; Heb. 11:35; Rev. 20:4-6). Just as Christ came out from among the dead as “the firstfruits” of the dead, so at the rapture, the “dead in Christ” will come forth from among the wicked dead according to the above passages. Even the tribulation saints will come out from the wicked dead (Rev. 20:4-6). The wicked dead live not again until the thousand years are finished (Rev. 20:4-6).
The Greek expression “ek nekron,” out of the dead, is used 49 times and teaches a select resurrection from the dead – the righteous selected from among the wicked – but it does not teach a select resurrection of some righteous from among the righteous (Matt. 17:9; Mark 9:10; Luke 24:46; Acts 3:15: 4:10: 10:41: 13:30; 17:31; Rom.1:4; 4:24; 6:4-9; 8:11; 1 Cor. 15:12, 20-23; etc.) The theory that a few of the righteous will be selected from among the righteous is a mere human invention based upon a few historical stories of the Old Testament which were never intended as types at all. It is not even worthy of consideration in view of the lack of even one plain Scripture on the subject. All the dead and living “in Christ” will be in the first resurrection-not just a few of those in Christ. All those who are out of Christ will be raised together after the Millennium to be judged and cast into the lake of fire (Rev. 20:4-6, 11-15). The “first resurrection” may also be called “the resurrection of the just,” “resurrection of life,” “a better resurrection,” and the “resurrection of [from among] the dead” (Luke 14:14; John 5 28-29; 11:25; Heb. 11:35; Phil. 3:10-15; Rev. 20:4-6).
The Second Resurrection (Dan. 12:3; John 5:28-29; Rev. 20:4-6)
This is the resurrection of all the wicked from Adam to the end of the Millennium. It will take place after the Millennium and it will also include those wicked who die during the Millennium (Rev. 20:4-6, 1l-15). They will be raised with immortal bodies to be tormented in Hell forever (Matt. 10:28; John 5:28-29; 12:24; Dan. 12:3; Acts 24:15; 1 Cor. 15:21, 34-50; Rev. 14:9-12; 19:20; 20:4-6, 11-15). The theory that only the righteous will be raised to immortality is false and is not founded on one Scripture. The method of the resurrection of the just and unjust is plainly taught and illustrated by a grain of wheat or any other grain as explained above. So what makes the difference between the two resurrections? Does not a bad or poisonous seed reproduce in the same way that a good seed does? Do not both have to go through the same process? The resurrection of men follows this same process. The only difference will be in the glory of one man over another. However, saved and unsaved will be immortal as is plainly taught in all Scripture. Not one statement was ever made to the contrary.