Evidence and nature of speaking in tongues.
The instances in the book of Acts are referred to here, as well as the promise of John the Baptist that Jesus will baptize in the Holy Spirit.
Gause prefers baptism with the Holy Spirit, instead of in the Holy Spirit. This can be supported by the use of the genitive.
The baptizer is Christ, he pours out his Spirit on his children with power, and we are baptized with the Holy Spirit.
John the Baptist foretold it, and Acts is seen as fulfillment of John.
The anti-Pentecostals say that all is in one baptism, but that does not hold water.
Christ makes explicit mention of Spirit baptism (Ac.2), and Peter in the house of Cornelius (Ac.5) cites the Holy Spirit as fulfillment.
The other citations in Acts are explanations of what happens at the Spirit Baptism.
Jesus said that “you will be endured with power, and be witnesses …”
God gives the same gift in Jerusalem, in Samaria, in Cornelius house, in Ephesus, God gives across all borders and in the way he foretold.
Act2 we are told as in Luke.24 that what happens at Pentecost
Act.1.24 they prayed for the suggestion for Judas
2.1 they were in one place, and they expected the fulfillment of the OT, of John the Baptist and the words of Jesus.
There is a renewal of Sinai, and fulfillment of the law
In the OT there were common shekina, in Ac.2 the shenia is on all persons.
They kept on keeping in tongues, because the Holy Spirit gave them power to speak.
There is a continuity of this experience as seen at the day of Pentecost. They expected that the Holy Spirit will continue in the same way, as at the initial outpouring in Ac.2
Ac.4: Peter had been arrested, and the people prayed. The place was shaken, they were filled with the Holy Ghost, and witnessed for Christ.
Ac.4 is a subsequent outpouring ot a group, which was baptized in the Holy Spirit at Pentecost.
Act.8 the Holy Spirit is poured out on the Samaritans. Simon the sorcerer wanted to buy the gift, he was trying to franchise. He did not want other then the authority in the Holy Spirit.
Every commentary before 1906 says that this was the ability of speaking in tongues.
Nearly every commentary since 1906 argue that the silence of tongue is a sign that speaking in tongues did not happen all times.
Ac.9. Saul had been converted, and met with Ananius, who had a vision. Ananius prayed for the sight. Paul spoke later in tongues (1.Cor.14).
Paul uses the Isaiah passage (Is.28) when arguing for the Spirit baptism (Ac.14). Jews and Gentiles alike are filled with the Holy Spirit and witness to Israel.
Ac.10. Peter is at the house of Cornelius. Non-Pentecostals argue that salvation and the Holy Spirit are one in the house of Cornelius. But “saving” does refers to being saved. Cornelius was already saved. Peter was very legalistic, but was not to call unclean, what God cleaned.
The gentiles who invited him had the same cleanness then Peter. Something which the Jewish leader would not have done. While Peter preached the Holy Spirit fall. The speaking in tongues was the evidence, that this happening was unique. God poured out the same gift on Jews and Gentiles.
Ac.19. Apollos only knew of the baptism of John, but preached of Jesus. He did not know of Pentecost. He was baptized in the Holy Ghost. There were disciples of John, who were also disciples of Christ, they only had not heard of Pentecost.
They made the transition of one baptism in water – John’s baptism was an OT baptism – to the new baptism.
What is the common thing that argue for the evidence of tongues.
- The Holy Spirit comes on believers. The world can not receive the Holy Spirit, but your know him, because he is in your. That means that the Holy Spirit is given only to people, who are already in Christ. Justification is promised to the ungodly, adoption is promised to those who are not yet children of God, but sanctification and Spirit baptism are promises to believers. Spirit baptism and Salvation can not be collapsed, but are distinct experiences. Jn.17 is a preparatory prayer of Jesus for Ac.2. There is unity in Christ, with each other, and unity with he father and savor, which are prerequisites for the Spirit baptism.
- The Holy Spirit baptism comes on those who are hungry. Christ baptizes those, who have a prepared heart.
- The Holy Spirit baptism comes on those who are in divine worship, preferably communal worship.
- The Holy Spirit baptism manifest the outpouring by the evidence of speaking tongues.
- The Holy Spirit baptism is poured out on a contrast society.
- The Holy Spirit baptism is not to a different kind of speaking, but to a different kind of being.
- The Holy Spirit baptism is a gift of faith, and claimed by faith.
What is the significance of speaking in tongues.
- Tongue speech is the language of the kingdom of God. The language of the kingdom is participation in the kingdom.
- Conquest and submission of the tongue represents the submission of the believer. The act of cleansing in Is.6 is on the lips of Isaiah. The conquest of the tongue represents the conquest of the heart. Because the heart is filled with the Spirit, the mouth speaks out of the heart.
- The yielding to the Spirit is a yielding of the “foolishness” of the Spirit. This is foolishness to of the world
- Is a acknowledgement of our inability to pray, and yield to the Spirit who intercedes for us. We are being introduces to continues worship of God. We groan in the Holy Spirit.
Paul cites in 1.Cor.14 that eyes have not heard and ears not seen (Isaiah promise)